Canals and Falkirk Wheel History
1790, the Forth and Clyde Canal opened
crossing central Scotland between the Firth
of Clyde at Bowling Harbour 12 miles west of
Glasgow, and the Firth of Forth 24 miles
northwest of Edinburgh by Falkirk.
The Forth and Clyde Canal took 22 years to
This is the narrowest crossing in Scotland
at 36 miles in length. Map
1822, the Union Canal was completed
between Edinburgh & Falkirk, at 31 miles
The two canals merge 2 miles west of
Falkirk centre, where the Falkirk Wheel is
The Union Canal took only 4 years to
1842, the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway
opened greatly reducing traffic on the
1921, the Eastern terminus of the Union
Canal is closed.
1933, the Western terminus of the Union
Canal is closed ending commercial
1963, Forth and Clyde Canal is closed.
1965, the Union Canal is closed to all
2001, the Forth and Clyde Canal, and Union
Canal are re-opened, one of largest canal
restorations in Britain.
2002 24th May, Queen Elizabeth II opened
the Falkirk Wheel, connecting the two
The Falkirk Wheel replaced 11 locks that
used to connect the two canals.
2014, The Kelpies, large equine
structures, are opened to the public in a new
park next to the Forth and Clyde Canal, 4
miles east of the Falkirk Wheel, close to
where the canal merges with the River and
Firth of Forth.
The Kelpies were constructed in memory of
the heavy horses that worked along the
Website . Area Attractions Click on Map .
Helix & Kelpies Photo Tour