Linlithgow Palace

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Linlithgow Palace is situated about 19 miles west of Edinburgh, 18 miles east of Stirling, in the centre of Linlithgow town. This was the largest palace of the Scottish Royals in the 1400s and 1500s. The palaces at Stirling Castle and Edinburgh Castle were much smaller, having to be built inside castle walls.

After Jmaes VI Stuart became king of England and Scotland in 1603, the Royals from then mainly lived in England. Linlithgow Palace was little used after 1603, and was severley dammaged by fire in 1746. The remains are now maintained to serve as a top tourist attraction. Regular trains run between Edinburgh and Linlithgow.

The palace grounds are open all year round free of charge, there is a small fee to explore the interior: Website with opening times/prices.

Map . Area Accommodation . Area Attractions Map . Large Images .

Lilithgow Palace image

The images below are of the entrance to Linlithgow Palace with St Michaels Church Spire, the main entrance to Linthgow Palace, a view from the southwest, St Michaels Church from the west, a view of the interior courtyard, and a view towards Linlithgow Town. The plaques on the wall at the entrance give information on Royals that stayed at the palace.

Linlithgow Palace

Linlithgow Palace History:

1100s - there is a Royal Manor on this site.

1242 - the Church of St Michael is completed here for King David I.

1300s - the English forces of Edward I take control of the area and build a fort close to where the Palace now stands. The fort was used as a military base between Edinburgh Castle and Stirling Castle.

1424 - many buildings in Linlithgow are destroyed by a vast fire with St Michaels Church partialy ruined.

1424 - King James I Stewart begins the building of the Palace as the largest Royal Palace in Scotland. Work to restore the church begins in the same year.

1453 - King James II took Blackness Castle from the Crichton's. This castle is situated 4 miles north of Linlithgow Place, with a harbour on the Firth of Forth.

1530s - Linlithgow Palace is completed after many Royals added to the original structure.

The Palaces at Edinburgh and Stirling castles were much smaller, as they were contained inside the castle walls. They were still used, especially during conflicts.

1540 - restoration of the Church of St Michael is complete.

1542 - Mary, Queen of Scots is born in Linlithgow Palace and baptised in St Michaels Church.

1603 - King James VI, son of Mary Queen of Scots, becomes king of England and Scotland, leading to the Royals mainly living in England from that time.

1607 - the north range of the Palace collapses.

1618 to 1622 - restoration work is carried out for King James VI.

1633 - King Charles I Stuart stays one night at the Palace, the last reigning monarch to do so.

1640s - the Palace fell into disrepair with only parts being inhabited by the Earl of Linlithgow.

1678 - Holyrood Palace is completed in Edinburgh, about 1 mile north of Edinburgh Castle, becoming the main Royal residence in Scotland.

1714 - Queen Anne Stuart dies without leaving an heir. Her German cousin George I Hanover became king of Great Britain, leading to uprisings.

1745 - Bonnie Prince Charlie Stuart visited Linlithgow Palace during the Jacobite wars to have the Stuart's returned to the throne, but never stayed at the Palace.

1746 January - the Palace was left as a ruin by the army of George II Hanover, as they set about ending the Jocobite rising.

1746 April - Hanover troops defeat the Jacobites at the Battle of Culloden.

The Hanoverians went on to rule Britain untill the death of Queen Victoria in 1901. Her successor was her son Edward VII of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, from his fathers side. Saxe-Coburg and Gotha has been known as the House of Windsor since World War One.

Linlithgow Palace has remained an impresive ruin since 1746.

Today - Linlithgow Palace is maintained and run as a visitor attraction by Historic Environment Scotland.

The grounds around the palace and loch are free to use with many people using the grounds for walking, jogging and cycling.

There is a small fee to tour the inside of the Palace.

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