St Andrews Castle is situated on the
Scores, a short walk from the St Andrews
The Castle can be visited all year
with an entrance fee. There is a museum
and shop at the castle. Postcode: KY16
See also a large Click On
Map for Top Attractions in the area.
The image top is looking down North Castle
Street towards St Andrews Castle.
1180s - the earliest parts of St Andrews
Castle were built for the wealthy Bishops from
St Andrews Cathedral close by.
1200s - 1300s - during the Wars of Scottish
Independence, the castle changed hands many
times between the Scots and English.
1303 - forces of the mighty English King Edward
I took control of the castle for him.
Edward I is the brutal king in the film
1314 - the Scottish victory for King Robert
the Bruce at the Battle
of Bannockburn led to the castle being
taken by the Scots and repaired.
1330s - the English captured the castle from
the forces of David II, son
of Robert the Bruce.
1336 - forces of David II led by Andrew Moray
re-captured the castle after a siege lasting
1337 - the Scots destroyed the castle so it
could not be used by the English again.
1400 - the castle was re-built for Walter
Trail, Bishop of St Andrews Cathedral.
1401 - Bishop Trail died in the castle.
1410 - James I of Scotland stayed at the
castle while being educated by Bishop Henry
Wardlaw, founder of St Andrews University,
oldest University in Scotland.
1445 - James III of
Scotland was born at St Andrews Castle. James
III was an unpopular king killed at the
Sauchieburn by Stirling, by the forces of
his son who became James IV.
1400s - a number of prominent people of the
time were imprisoned in the castles
1500s early - the Reformation reached
Scotland with many people converting from
Catholic to Protestant.
1546 - Archbishop of St Andrews, David
Beaton, imprisoned the Protestant preacher
George Wishart in the castle’s tower. Wishart
was burnt at the stake outside the castle on
March 1st. Brick lettering outside the Castle
marks where he died.
1546 May - Wisharts friends gained entry to
the castle and murdered Cardinal Beaton. They
then set up the first Protestant congregation
Catholics then tried unsuccessfully to mine
through solid rock to get into the castle. This
mine can be viewed today.
1547 - the Protestant reformer John Knox
entered the castle During an armistice to serve
as the castles preacher.
A French fleet was brought in to help take
the castle back from the Protestants with a six
hour bombardment. Many Protestants prisoners
were taken to France.
The castle was then re-built for Archbishop
1689 - the office of the bishop was
abolished by William of Orange, leading to the
Castle falling into ruin.
1600s late - much of the stonework from the
Castle was used to repair St Andrews pier.
Today - the castle is a ruin maintained by
Historic Environment Scotland as a tourist
attraction. There is a visitor centre museum,
gift shop, dungeon, towers, and two underground
mines to explore.