Peterhead is a Town on the
Aberdeenshire Coast area of Scotland, 36
miles north of Aberdeen.
Peterhead is popular for its Prison
Museum, Local History Museum,
Harbour, and a number of Walks in
See also a large Click On
Map for the area Top Attractions.
Camping & Touring Parks in the
The image top is from a large Car Park on
the south side of Peterhead looking over the
Marina and small Beach.
The second image is from the same Car Park
looking over Lido Campsite,
Harbour, and Peterhead Town. The Campsite has
Pitches for Tourers and Tents.
Old St Peter's
Church is on the road into Peterhead Centre
from the south. This Church was built from the
1100s, with much of that Building demolished in
1806 due to subsidence.
Parish Church is on Errol Street, leading
to the Town centre. This Church was completed
in 1806, leading to Old St Peter's Church being
Marischal Street is the centre of Peterhead
where most of the Shops, Diners, and Cafes can
The Fisher Jessie Sculpture is on Marischal
Street, created by Andy Scott in
2001. The Sculpture is based on the real life
Jessie Buchan, refereed to as Fisher Jessie.
This Woman was one of many from the early 1800s
up to the 1950s that would carry large amounts
of Fish around in Baskets to be sold in the
Town, and to people living in the
Museum is situated on St Peter Street, a
few hundred yards north of Marischal Street.
This Museum covers Peterhead's Fishing,
Shipping, and Whaling industries, with Model
Boats showing how Fishing evolved over the
years. The Museum also has an Inuit Collection
with Animals such as Polar Bear, Whaling
Memorabilia, and Old Photographs of Peterhead
and the Area.
Broad Street is at the east end of Marischal
Street, with the Reform Monument and Town
House. The Reform Monument was built in 1833 to
celebrate the Reform Act of 1832, which
extended voting rights.
The Town House was built in 1788 with later
additions. In front of the Town House is a
Statue of Field Marshal James Keith, a
Jacobite from the Peterhead area that fled to
Russia where he became a Field Marshal in the
Prussian Army. Keith was killed at the Battle
of Hochkirchen in 1758.
Peterhead Harbour is east of Broad Street.
This is where the Town evolved, around Fishing
from the 1580s. The Harbour was extended in the
1770s and 1820s for Fishing and Whaling,
becoming one of the largest Fishing Ports in
The Whaling Industry ended at Peterhead in
1893 after Shale Oil
production expanded around the UK. Shale Oil
from Crushed Rock was less expensive to produce
than Whale Oil.
Museum is situated in the south side of
Peterhead on South Road. This Prison opened
around 1888 to serve as Scotland's only Convict
Prison, for Hard Labour, Scotland's toughest
Prison. A new Prison was completed in 2013,
leading to the Old Prison being used as a
1300s - Clan Keith gained land in the
Aberdeen and Peterhead area for their support
of King Robert the Bruce during the First War
Independence. They also gained the title
1382 - the Keith's gained control of
Dunnottar Castle, 54 miles south of
The Keith's continued to support descendants
of Robert the Bruce, the Stuart Kings, leading
to high profile positions.
1593 - George Keith,
5th Earl Marischal, had the first Harbour built
at Peterhead for Fishing and Trade.
1700s - Peterhead supported the Jacobite's, with Money and Weapons
landed at the Harbour from France. The Jacobite
supporting James Keith,
had to flee Scotland after the Jacobite's were
defeated by Government Forces. Keith ended up
in Russia where he became a Field Marshal in
the Prussian Army.
1788 - the first Whaling Ship
began operating out of Peterhead named the
Robert, hunting in the waters around
Greenland. The Oil and Fat from the Whales was
used for Lighting, Soap, and in the Textile
The Meat from the Whales was either dumped
at Sea, or used for Animal Feed, as it was hard
to preserve and few People would eat it.
1798 - the first Horse drawn Mail Coaches
began running between Edinburgh and Peterhead,
using new Roads and Bridges, also carrying
1800s - the Herring industry was booming
with around 600 Sail Fishing Boats based at
Peterhead catching vast amounts of Fish, with
record catches around the late 1800s. Herring
are an Oily Fish, easily caught as they swim in
Shoals close to the surface.
1841 - Peterhead Golf Club
was founded on the north side of the Town.
1862 - Peterhead Railway Station opened, at
a time vast quantities of Fish were being
distributed around the UK.
1865 - a Lifeboat Station was established at
1888 - Peterhead Convict Prison was opened
as Scotland's toughest Prison.
1892 to 1912 - the South Breakwater at the
Harbour was constructed by Convicts from
1893 - the last Peterhead based Whaling Ship
was taken out of service, mainly due to less
expensive Shale Oil being produced from Crushed
Rock. Peterhead Whaling Ships caught over 5,600
Whales in 105 years.
1895 - the first Cars were imported into
1900s early - powered Fishing Boats began
entering service, allowing Fishing further out
into the North Sea with larger nets.
1930s - Diesel engine Trucks began
operating, taking trade from the Railways.
1950s - Over Fishing led to the decline of
the Herring Industry, with many Fishing Boats
taken out of service. Quotas were also
introduced to allow Fish Stocks to recover.
1970 - Peterhead Railway Station was closed.
By this time, most of the Fish from Peterhead
was being transported around the UK and Europe
in Refrigerated Trucks.
1970s - Peterhead is used to service the
North Sea Oil and Gas Industry.
1980s - Peterhead had become one of the
largest Ports in Europe for White Fish, with
most White Fish caught at the bottom of the
Sea, such as Cod and Haddock. Most of the Cod
is sold in England, most of the Haddock sold in
Modern Trucks and New Roads, allows the
Refrigerated Trucks carrying Fish to travel the
580 miles from Peterhead to London in about 12
2013 - a new Prison was opened at Peterhead,
leading to the Old Prison being used as a
2018 - a new Fish Market opened at