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Banff Scotland

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Banff is a Town on the Moray & Aberdeenshire Coast area of Scotland, 72 miles east of Inverness, 46 miles northwest of Aberdeen.

Banff is popular for its Beaches, Museum, Duff House Mansion in a Country Estate a short walk from the Town Centre, and a number of Walks in the area.

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The image top is of Banff Bridge on the east side of the Town, looking over the River Deveron towards the neighbouring Town of Macduff, only 1 mile east. This Bridge was completed in 1780, widened in 1881.

The second image is from the Bridge looking over Banff, East Beach, and Harbour. This is a long Sandy Beach seldom used, as most people seem to prefer the Beach on the west side of the Town.

The third image is of Banff Harbour, now mainly used as a Marina.

In the centre of Banff, on Church Street, are the remains of Old St Mary's Church, built in 1471 on the site of an earlier Church. Old St Mary's was demolished in 1797, leaving a Mausoleum of the Ogilvie family and the Grave Yard.

Banff Castle was built from the 1100s on Castle Street, high above St Mary's Old Church. That Castle was demolished in the 1700s with a Mansion being built in its place. The Mansion now serves as the Banff Castle Community and Arts Facilities.

A short walk uphill from Old St Mary's is Low Street with the Town House, Market Cross, and Biggar Fountain. The Market Cross was built in 1628, Town House Steeple 1767, Town House 1797, and Fountain 1878.

At the south side of Low Street is a large Car Park and Banff Parish Church, completed in 1790. The completion of this Church led to Old St Mary's being demolished.

Next to Banff Parish Church, on the High Street, is the Museum of Banff. The Museum was founded in 1828, moving to this building after its completion in 1902. The Museum covers Artifacts from the Celtic Period up to Modern Day.

Next to the large Car Park is the entrance to Duff House and Country Estate, one third of a mile walk. There is also a Car Park in the Estate, close to Duff House and the Kids Play area.

Duff House was completed in 1740 for William Duff of Braco, designed by William Adam. The House was gifted to Banff Burgh in 1906, with it being uses as a Hotel, Sanatorium, Prisoner of War Camp, Barracks, and since 1995, part of the National Galleries of Scotland, open most of the year for visits.

Duff House Royal Golf Club was built in the Duff House Estate in 1909, one of the top Parks Courses in Scotland.

Banff Links Caravan Park is on the west side of Banff, next to the West Beach. This Holiday Park has pitches for Tourers and Tents.

Banff West Beach, also known as Boyndie Beach, or Inverboyndie Beach, is the busiest Beach in the Banff area with a large Car Park and Kids Play. It is a 1 mile coastal walk from Banff Harbour to this Beach.

Banff History

1100s - Banff Castle was used by King Malcolm IV to help combat Viking raids in the area. The Town grew around that Castle.

There was a ferry at this time for crossing the River Deveron.

1372 - Banff was awarded Royal Burgh status by King Robert II.

1400s - Banff was known for exporting Salmon to Europe.

1471 - Old St Mary's Church was built on the site of an earlier Church, in the centre of Banff.

1500s? - a Tolbooth was built in the Town centre to be used as a Court and Prison. There were a number of Prisoners documented as having escaped from this Tolbooth.

1625 - the first sections of Banff Harbour were created.

1628 - the present Market Cross was completed in the Town centre, probably on the site of an earlier Market Cross. The top of the Cross is claimed to be older than the rest.

1700s - Banff Castle was demolished to be replaced by a Mansion House.

1740 - Duff House was built for William Duff, in an Estate on the south side of Banff.

1765 - the first Bridge was built across the River Deveron to connect Banff and Macduff.

1768 - the first Bridge was destroyed in a Flood, leading to the return of the Ferry.

1768 - the Market Cross was rebuilt on a Dovecot in a field off Sandyhill Road.

1773 - the Ferry was destroyed during a Flood.

1780 - the new Banff Bridge was completed by John Smeaton. Smeaton also carried out work extending Banff Harbour.

1790 - Banff Parish Church was completed to replace Old St Mary's.

1797 - Old St Mary's Church was demolished, with the Grave Yard and a Mausoleum all that remains.

1797 - the Town House was completed in the Town Centre with Cells. The Tolbooth was demolished around this time.

1818 - the final sections of Banff Harbour were added by Thomas Telford.

1859 - the Railway connected Banff to the rest of the UK.

1850s - Herring Fishing was at its peak at Banff and other Fishing Ports on this Coast. Herring was packed into Barrels with Brine for preservation, then transported around the UK and Europe. The Harbour's at that time were crammed full of Sail Fishing Boats. Herring Photos & Info.

1878 - the Biggar Fountain was built in the Town Centre where the Market Cross once stood.

1881 - Banff Bridge was widened.

1900 - the Market Cross was returned to the centre of Banff, in front of the Town House, across the road from its original spot.

1900s early - the Herring Industry was in decline due to Over Fishing. Larger Powered Fishing Boats had began entering service, allowing fishing to take place further out into the North Sea.

Banff Harbour began to silt up around this time, leading to Fishing and Cargo Vessels moving to Macduff Harbour 1 mile east.

1968 - Banff Railway Station closed.

2007 - work to transform Banff Harbour into a Marina for Leisure Vessels was completed.

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