Black Watch Museum Perth

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The Black Watch Museum is situated just under one mile north of Perth centre, overlooking North Inch Park.

The museum is in Balhousie Castle that dates back to the 1100s. The main L shaped tower seen today was built in the 1600s, and other sections added in the 1860s.

There is a small entrance fee to explore the castle and museum. Postcode: PH1 5HR

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The image top is from the car park looking at the main entrance. The image second top is of the gift shop and Copper Beech Cafe.

The museum is spread throughout the castle in a way you can follow the Black Watch history from its founding till present day.

Black Watch Regiment History

It is uncertain when the name Black Watch was first used. It is believed the regiment was formed soon after the Jacobite rebellion of 1715.

The rebellion led to George I ordering a number of military Watch companies to patrol the highlands to prevent any more uprisings. These companies were made up of men from Clans such as Campbell, Fraser, Munro and Grant.

It is believed the name Black Watch came from the dark tartan the company wore.

Many conflicts over the centuries were over countries wanting independence from the British Empire, the largest empire in history, built up from the 1500s to 1700s, covering 24% of the land on Earth.

1770s - the Black Watch was involved in the wars in the West Indies and American War of Independence. Much of North America was part of the British Empire at that time. Britain recognized American Independence in 1783, ending the wars.

1801 - the Black Watch was involved in battles in North Africa against the French forces of Napoleon as the French tried to extend their Empire.

1809 - they were involved in the Peninsular War in Spain and Portugal against French forces of Napoleon.

1815 - they took part in the Battle of Waterloo where Napoleon was defeated for the final time. This battle is said to have resulted in over 40,000 killed or wounded.

1850s - they took part in the Crimea War. This war was over Britain and France trying to prevent Russia taking control of the Ottoman Empire. The most famous battle of this war was the Battle of Balaclava in 1854 with the Charge of the Light Brigade. This war also saw the nurse Florence Nightingale become famous for the start of modern nursing.

1858 - they were involved in the India Rebellion as the country began protesting against British rule, wanting independence from the British Empire. 100s of thousands of combatants and civilians were killed during the uprising.

1899 - they arrived in South Africa during the Boer War. The Dutch had controlled South Africa from the early 1600s with their settlers known as Boers. Britain began a campaign to take control of South Africa in 1899 with them defeating the Boers in 1902, adding South Africa to the British Empire.

1914 - 1918 - they took part in World War One including the famous Battle of the Somme. World War One also saw them involved in battles with the Germans in the Middle East.

1939 - 1945 - they took part in the Second World War in areas such as North Africa, Italy, Northwest Europe and Burma.

1948 - they were the last troops to leave India after the partition of the peninsular into India and Pakistan. India had gained independence from the British Empire in 1947. Before leaving, the British divided the area into Muslim Pakistan and Hindu India. People on the wrong side of the partition were often forced to move or were killed. Estimates are between 200,000 and 2 million people were killed over religion at that time. The Great Calcutta Killings in 1946 were the most notable event in the lead up to the partition.

1950s - they took part in the Korean War. This war was between the Chinese and Soviet backed North Korea and US and British backed South Korea. A treaty was signed in 1953 to end the fighting, although the two countries officially remained at war until talks began in 2018 to end the war.

1953 - they were deployed to Kenya to suppress the Mau-Mau Rebellion. This was when natives of Kenya tried to end British rule in their country. It was a gruesome uprising with many civilians brutally murdered over what side they backed as many wanted to stay with Britain. Kenya gained independence from Britain in 1963.

1958 - they were used in Cyprus against EOKA Terrorists on the Island. This was an organization that fought to end British rule in Cyprus. The island gained independence for the United Kingdom in 1960.

1970s - served as peace keeping troops in Northern Ireland. Known as The Troubles, these shootings and bombings were between mainly Catholic Nationalists and Protestant Unionists. The Nationalists wanted to end British rule in Ireland. The Troubles ended after the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, with Northern Ireland staying part of the United Kingdom.

1997 - they were the last troops to leave Hong Kong after the island was handed back to China. This was a peaceful event.

2003 - 2004 - they took part in the Invasion of Iraq and later served as peace keeping forces in Iraq. The UK backed the US invasion claiming Iraq had weapons of mass destruction. The end of the war a few months later, showed Iraq did not have weapons of mass destruction. The last British peace keeping troops were withdrawn from Iraq in 2009.

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