The original Priory Church built for Malcom
III and Margaret was built around 1073, where
the larger Abbey Church stands today.
That Church was enlarged by their son
Alexander I from 1126 with a huge central
tower. Domestic buildings were also built next
to the Abbey Church from this time, resulting
in the Church being raised to the status of an
Abbey for David I in 1150.
1560 - The Reformation leads to Dunfermline
Abbey becoming a Protestant Presbyterian Church
1600 - Charles I is
born at the Palace at Dunfermline Abbey. He was
King of Scotland, England and Ireland from 1625
until his execution during the English Civil
War in 1649.
1818 - the collapse of the great tower
destroyed much of the Abbey Church, leading to
the east side being rebuilt. This has resulted
in the Abbey Church looking like two different
buildings joined in the middle.
1818 - workmen find the Tomb of Robert the
Bruce. A cast of his scull was taken at that
time, now displayed in the New Church.
1819 - the remains of Robert the Bruce are
interred in the new section of the Church below
1821 - the new section of the Abbey Church
is completed, it serves to this day as a Church
of Scotland Parish Church.
1900s - The partial Abbey ruins, Palace, and
1200s section of the Abbey Church are
maintained and run as a museum by Historic
Scotland with a small entrance fee.
The 1800s section of the Abbey Church is
free to visit when not in use for private
Weddings and Funerals.