1314 - the defeat of a vast English Army at
the Battle of Bannockburn leads to Robert
the Bruce becoming King of Scotland.
1320 - Duns Castle was built for the Earl of
Moray, nephew of King Robert the Bruce.
1333 - during the Second War of Scottish
Independence, Sir Archibald Douglas, Guardian
of Scotland, raised an army at Duns to attack
the English that were laying siege to Berwick.
Those Scots were defeated at the Battle of Halidon
1372 - in response to Scots carrying out a
number of raids in England, the Earl of
Northumberland invaded Scotland and camped at
Duns. The English were defeated by locals in
what is known as the Battle of
1490 - the town was created a Burgh of
Barony in by King James IV with the townsfolk
given the right to hold a market every
1544, 1545 and 1558 - Duns was badly damaged
by fire during the war of the Rough Wooing as
King Henry VIII tried to force the infant Mary
Queen of Scots to mary his young Son.
1517 - Antoine d'Arces
/known as the White Knight, had his head cut
off by George Home of Wedderburn and stuck on a
pole at Duns Market Cross.
1588 - the town was moved from Duns Law to
its present location.
1630? - Nisbet House
was built 2 miles south of Duns for the Nisbet
1639 - fortifications were built on top of
Duns Law as the English Civil War spread into
Scotland. Remains of the fortifications can be
1650 - during the English Civil
War, that spread into Scotland, Oliver
Cromwell stationed a garrison in Duns after the
Battle of Dunbar.
1670 - the Town and Duns Estate were bought
by Sir John Cockburn of Cockburn.
1680 - the first Tolbooth was built at Duns
1696 - Duns Estate was sold to John Hay, 1st
Marquess of Tweeddale.
1775 - Wedderburn
Castle was built for the Wedderburn family
2 miles southeast of Duns.
1790 - Duns Parish Church was built to
replace a much earlier building on that
1816 - a new Tolbooth was built after the
original was damaged by fire.
1851 - Kimmerghame
House was built 3 miles southeast of Duns
for the Swinton family.
1880 - Duns Parish Church was re-built after
the previous building was dammaged by fire.
1882 - Duns Castle was
transformed into a Gothic Castle for the Hay's
by the architect James Gillespie Graham.
1894 - Duns Golf Club was founded.
1903 - a bill was introduced by the
Secretary for Scotland confirming Duns as the
county town of Berwickshire.
1903 - Manderston
House was built for the Liberal Peer, Lord
Palmer, 2 miles east of Duns.
1942 - the family of Jim Clark moved to
Edington Mains Farm by Duns.
1963 and 1965 - Jim Clark won
two Formula One Championships.
1966 - the Tolbooth was demolished.
1968 - Jim Clark died during a Formula Two
racing accident at Hockenheim in West Germany.
He was buried at Chirnside
Parish Churchyard 6 miles east of Duns.
1969 - the Jim Clark Motorsport Museum was
opened in Duns.
1990s - many new homes start being built in
and around Duns.
2016 - the Statue of the War Hero bear
Wojtek is unveiled in Duns centre.