They establish a huge Abbey and Palace at
Dunfermline, northwest of Inchcolm
Margaret then established the first Ferry
Service between South Queensferry and North
Queensferry, so people from the south of the
Forth could visit Dunfermline Abbey.
1123 - King Alexander I, son of Malcom III
and Margaret, sheltered on Inchcolm Island
during a storm and vowed to build a Monastery
on the Island, as it could have saved his
1124 - King Alexander I dies before he can
have a Monastery built on the Island.
1124 - David I, brother of Alexander I,
founded a Priory on Inchcolm Island.
1235 - the status of the Priory was raised
to an Abbey.
1335 - during the Wars of Independence with
England, the Abbey’s Treasures and a Statue of
Columba were stolen.
1547 - Inchcolm was held by the English
during wars over Religion. Henry VIII of
England had adopted Protestantism and wanted
his son Edward to marry the infant Mary, Queen
of Scots. Scotland was still Catholic at that
time, with strong connections to Catholic
France. The English feared Scotland and France
would join together to invade England.
1548 - the French sent 10,000 troops to the
Forth area to help the Scots. Mary Queen of
Scots moved to France that year for her safety,
and later Married a French Prince.
1551 - a Treaty was signed between Scotland,
England and France to end the War.
1560 - Scottish Parliament adopts
Protestantism, leading to the end of Catholic
worship in Scotland and the Abbeys.
Inchcolm is one of the best preserved Abbeys
due to it being on an Island. Little of its
stonework was taken for other buildings, like
so many Abbeys on the mainland.
1633 - the ship Blessing of Burntisland sank
close to Inchcolm Island carrying Charles I’s
Treasure, valued at over £1 billion today. The
Treasure has never been recovered.
1914 - 1918 during WWI, Inchcolm Island was
used as a Fortress to help defend Edinburgh.
Many huge British Warships were stationed
around the Island. Image.
1918 - the 20,000 ton Aircraft Carrier
Campania sank close to Inchcolm Island.
Campania was an aging Liner converted to an
Aircraft Carrier during WWI.
1939 - 1945 - during WWII, the Island was
again fortified to help protect Edinburgh.
1990s - Historic Scotland takes control of
Inchcolm Abbey, maintaining the Building, and
allowing visits throughout the summer.