New Abbey Corn Mill is situated 7 miles
south of Dumfries, in the small
village of New Abbey, on the A710 road.
The mill can be visited 1 April to 30
September: Monday to Sunday, 9.30am to 5.30pm.
1 October to 31 March: Daily except Thursday
and Friday, 10am to 4pm. Small entry fee.
1200s - the first corn mill was built on
this site by the monks of Sweetheart
Abbey, with the abbey being situated at the
other end of the village, a popular
1700s - the mill that can be seen today was
built on the site of the earlier mill. The
original water system and holding pond is used
in this mill.
The mill is operated some days so visitors
can view it working.
The earlist way of grinding corn, oats,
barley, and wheat was with a stone and a stone
bowl, a slow way of pounding them into
were used next, small top and bottom stones
with groves in the top stone. The top stone was
turned by hand to grind the corn. These were
used in most homes, taking two or three hours a
day to produce enough flour to make bread for a
1100s - water mills, wind mills, and animal
powered mills were then used for industrial use
in Scotland, many by monks of abbeys.
These mills used large grinding stones with
groves cut into the top stone, so as the top
stone turned, it would crush the corn into
The speed of the stones, and how close
together they were, produced finer flour. Fine
and course flour was needed for producing
Farmers then took their corn to the mills to
be dried in a kiln, then ground by the large
stones in the mills.
Modern mills now use electricity to turn
metal rollers to grind the corn. Some of the
rollers have grooves in them.
1948 - the New Abbey Corn Mill was closed
Historic Environment Scotland now run the
mill as a tourist attraction.