The Town would have grown around Fishing and
Farming, with a small Natural Harbour at the
mouth of Carron Water.
1200s - the earliest parts of Monboddo House
were built for Barclay's, 10 miles southwest of
1296 - During the First War of
Scottish Independence, forces of King
Edward I of England took control of the old
Fortress of Dunnottar, 2 miles south of
1297 - William Wallace captured Dunnottar
burning its Church with English Troops
1300? - the earliest parts of Muchalls Castle
were built for the Fraser's, 5 miles north of
1300s - the earliest parts of Fetteresso
Castle were built for the Strachans, 3
miles west of Stonehaven. This Castle soon
passed to the Keith's through marriage.
1382 - William Keith took control of the Old
Fortress at Dunnottar so he could begin
building an impressive Castle.
1500s - Stonehaven Tolbooth was
built by the Harbour to be used as a Courthouse
1639 - Covenanters in Scotland rebelled
against King Charles I as he tried to control
Scottish Churches. This led to a number of Wars
and Covenanters being Hunted down by
Many Covenanters were imprisoned in Dunnottar
Castle, where some died or were transported
to America. A Memorial to the Covenanters can
be found at Dunnottar
Church on the south side of Stonehaven.
1645 - the Market Cross was erected by the
1650 - during the English Civil War, forces
of Oliver Cromwell besieged Dunnottar Castle
for 8 months as they tried to find the Scottish
Crown Jewels. Before the Castle fell, the Crown
Jewels were smuggled out and hidden in Kinneff
Old Church 8 miles south.
1688 - 1746 - Stonehaven was a Jacobite Town
supporting the Catholic Stuart's claim to be
Kings of Great Britain. The Towns Harbour was
often used by Ships carrying Arms and Money
from France. The English Government refused to
allow a Catholic King from that time as they
were too friendly with their main enemy, the
1746 - the Jacobite's were defeated for
the final time at the Battle of
Culloden by Inverness.
1790 - the Town House with its Clock Tower
at Old Stonehaven was built by the Harbour.
1826 - the Harbour was enlarged leading to
around 100 Fishing Boats using it at its
1852 - a public Barometer was built into the
Clock Tower of the Town House to help make
1888 - Stonehaven Golf Club is founded on
the north side of the Town.
1925? - Dunnottar Castle is opened to the
Public as a Tourist Attraction.
1934 - the heated Stonehaven Open Air Pool
1963 - the Tolbooth was opened as a
2004 - a Fossil of the oldest known Land
Animal, a Species of Millipede, was found at
Stonehaven's Cowie Beach at the north side of