The Town grew around the Harbour, becoming
one of the largest and busiest in the area,
used for ferries across the Firth of Forth to
Edinburgh, and for the Herring and Coal
1592 - Burntisland Parish Church, known as
St Columba's, was completed, one of the first
Protestant Churches built after the Reformation
that ended Catholic worship in Scotland. This
is the Church used to discuss a new translation
of the Bible, that became known as the King James
1633 - one of the early wooden sail Ferries
crossing the Firth of Forth sank during a
storm, with the loss of 30 people. This Ferry,
named the Blessing of
Burntisland, is said to have been carrying
Royal Treasure of King Charles I. Divers
continue to this day to try and recover the
Treasure, estimated to be worth £500
1651 - as the English Civil War spread into
Scotland, forces of Oliver Cromwell gained
control of Burntisland and Rossend Castle,
enlarging the Harbour for their needs.
1715 - the Jacobite's
occupied the Town for two months, as they
unsuccessfully tried to have the Stuart's
returned to the throne.
1800s mid - the first of over 50 Modern Coal
Mines opened in the Fife area, producing
vast amounts of coal and providing many
thousands of jobs.
1844 - a new Pier was completed at
Burntisland for a ferry link with Granton
Harbour at Edinburgh.
1847 - the Railway Station was opened at
1850 - the world's first roll-on/roll-off
began operating between Burntisland and
Granton, allowing Trains to be transported
across the Firth of Forth.
1878 - Burntisland Oil
Works opened to mine and process Shale Rock in
the area, at one time employing over 1,000 men.
This early way to produce fuel from Shale was
to mine the rock, then crush it to extract
1890 - the Forth Rail
Bridge opened 8 miles west of Burntisland,
leading to the end of the Rail Ferries.
1894 - the Burntisland Oil Works closed.
1918 - the Burntisland Shipbuilding Company
began operating with it producing ships for the
two World Wars.
1964 - the Forth Road
Bridge opened next to the Rail Bridge,
ending the car/passenger Ferries across the
Firth of Forth.
1969 - the Burntisland
Shipbuilding Company closed with it at one
time employing over 1,000 workers.
2002 - the Longannet Coal Mine closed after
flooding, the last Fife Coal Mine to close,
although Open Cast Mining still goes on.
2000s - Fracking for Shale Gas becomes big
business around the World, with Fife claimed to
be an ideal site for Fracking, with £Billions
of Gas waiting to be recovered from its large
Shale deposits. This new way of producing fuel
from Shale involves pumping liquid down into
the Shale Rock to force the Gas to the surface.
Concerns about water contamination and tremors
from the Fracking, have led to campaigns to
stop Fracking in Fife. Some of the liquid that
cums back up during Fracking, contains some
really harmful Chemicals.