1100s - the Callander Family owned Callander
Estate on the east side of Falkirk, with their
house known as Thanes Hall.
1298 - the Battle of
Falkirk took place during the Scottish Wars
of Independence. It is unclear where the battle
took place. The Scots led by William Wallace
were defeated by a larger English army.
1300s - the Callander's lost their Estate
after supporting Edward Balliol in his battles
with Robert the Bruce.
1345 - Callander lands were granted by King
David II, son of King Robert the Bruce, to Sir
William Livingston, with the Livingston's later
becoming the Earls of Callander.
1400s - the Livingston's built a Tower House
close to Thanes Hall, that would be extended
over the years into the large Callander Mansion
1697 - the first Steeple was built at
Falkirk Market Square to serve as a Tolbooth
and Jail. Public punishments and executions
took place in the Market Square in front of the
1700s - Falkirk was one of the first major
1710 - Falkirk became the major market for
Highland Cattle, taking most of that trade from
further northwest. Cattle from the Highlands
and Island were driven down between August and
October each year to be sold for meat around
Scotland and England.
1746 January - the Battle of Falkirk
Muir was fought between Jacobite's
supporting Charles Edward Stuart and a
Government Army commanded by Lieutenant General
Henry Hawley. The Jacobite's won that battle, but lost
the final Battle at Culloden in April.
1790 - the Forth and Clyde Canal opened,
connecting Glasgow to the Firth of Forth by
Edinburgh, passing through Falkirk.
1803 - the Steeple was demolished after it
began to subside.
1814 - the present day Steeple was built at
43 metres / 141 ft high, with cells in the
1822 - the Union Canal opened connecting
Falkirk to Edinburgh, joining the Forth and
Clyde Canal at Falkirk.
1828 - 18-year-old Francis Cockburn was the
last person to be executed by hanging in front
of the Steeple, after murdering William Burt,
his fellow workman.
1830s - the Railway connected Falkirk to
1876 - Falkirk Football Club was
1927 - the Steeple was hit by lightning,
resulting in the top 30 feet having to be
1933 - the Western end of the Union Canal
closed, ending commercial traffic.
1963 - the Forth and Clyde Canal closed,
leading to the Canals and Locks being
1969 - Alex Ferguson signed for Falkirk
Football Club as a player coach.
2002 - the Falkirk Wheel was completed for a
Project that saw the Canals and Locks opened to
boats once again.
2003 - the new 7,937 all-seater Falkirk
Stadium was completed on the east side of
2013 - the Helix Park was opened on the east
side of Falkirk with a boating pond and kids
2014 - the Kelpies were completed next to
the Helix where the Clyde and Forth Canal
enters the Firth of Forth.