1530s - Henry VIII ended Catholic worship in
England, with many of the Abbeys in England
1544 - Melrose Abbey was partially destroyed
after King Henry VIII of England sent forces
into Scotland to destroy Abbeys and Castles in
an attempt to have the Infant Mary Queen of
Scots married to his young Son, a War known as
1560 - the Scottish Parliament ended
Catholic worship as well, leading to the
destruction of many Cathedrals and Abbey's in
Most Abbey's, and their land, were then run
by a Commendator, until all the Monks had
Some Catholic buildings were used as
Protestant Churches, saving them from being
looted for their stone for other buildings.
1559 - James Stuart, the last Abbot,
illegitimate son of King James V, died.
1590 - the last Monk at Melrose Abbey died,
leading to stone being taken from the Abbey for
buildings in Melrose.
1618 - part of the Abbey Church was
converted for use as a Protestant Parish
1650s - Melrose Abbey was bombarded by
forces of Oliver Cromwell after the English
Civil War spread into Scotland.
1810 - a new Parish Church was built in
Melrose, west of the Abbey.
1822 - the Duke of Buccleuch, with the aid
of Sir Walter Scott, carried out repair work to
preserve the ruins of Melrose Abbey.
1908 - the new Parish Church was destroyed
1911 - the current Parish Church was built
on the same site as the 1810 Church.
1918 - the Duke gifted the ruins of Melrose
Abbey to the state, now run as a tourist
attraction by Historic Environment
1996 - an excavation at Melrose Abbey found
a conical lead container that contained a human
heart. The only record of a Heart being buried
at Melrose Abbey was that of King Robert the
Bruce in the 1300s.
1998 - the Heart was buried at Melrose Abbey
with a small Memorial Stone on top.
Bruce had died in 1329 with his body buried
at Dunfermline Abbey. His heart was cut
out to be taken on a Crusade. On return from
the Crusade, his heart was buried at Melrose
650? - Old Melrose Monastery was founded by
Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne. This Monastery was
about 3 miles east of Melrose at a bend on the
River Tweed. Scott's View, a top attraction in the
area, looks down on where the Monastery once
Melrose Abbey was to be built on the site of
the Old Monastery, but the decision was taken
to build the new Abbey 3 miles west, as the
land there was more suitable for farming. The
town of Melrose grew around the Abbey.