Market Street runs west from the Cathedral,
one of a few Scenic Streets for Shopping and
South Street also runs west from Cathedral
with a number of historic building, such as
Citizen Building, Town Hall, Holy Trinity
Church, Blackfriars Chapel Ruins, and St
Mary's College with the free Bell Pettigrew
Zoology Museum. St Mary's was founded in
St Andrews Museum is on Doubledykes
Road a 10 minute walk west along Market Street
and St Mary's Place. The Museum is in Kinburn
House built in the 1870s. The Museum with a
Cafe opened in 1991 covering the history of St
St Andrews History
The Town grew around the Harbour with
Fishing and Farming under the name
AD 30? - Jesus was crucified at
AD 60 - Jesus friend / disciple Andrew was
crucified in Greece, becomming St Andrew.
732 - some bones of St Andrew were taken
from Greece to Kilrymont in Fife Scotland where
a Shrine was set up attracting many visitors /
Kilrymont was renamed St Andrews around this
time with St Andrew becomming the Patron Saint
747 - there was a high ranking Church
sitting just above the Harbour, where the ruins
of the small Chapel of St Mary on the Rock can
be seen today.
1120s - St Rule's Church was built next to
the Chapel by the Harbour with a 100ft / 33m
1158 - building of St Andrews Cathedral
begins next to St Rule's Church. This would
become the largest and most important Medieval
Church in Scotland at 391ft / 119m long.
1180s - St Andrews Castle was built, later
becomming a safe residence for the Bishops of
St Andrews Cathedral.
The Cathedral, Castle and Town Walls would
have been an impressive and secure place for
1300s - St Andrews Castle was fought over by
the Scots and English during the Wars of Scottish
Independence. The Castle was eventually
destroyed by the Scots to prevent English
forces from capturing it again.
1400 - St Andrews Castle was rebuild for
Bishop Walter Trail. The Castle was then used
as a notorious Prison, holding local criminals
and some important people of the time.
1400s early - Golf was played at St Andrews
on common ground. The Old Course built on that
ground from 1552 became known as the Home of
1410 - the University of St
Andrews is founded as the first University
in Scotland, only Cambridge and Oxford in
England are older in the UK.
1520 - 1550s - a number of people with
Protestant beliefs were burned at the stake in
1538 - St Mary's College was founded at St
Andrews to preserve the teachings of the Roman
Catholic Church. Changing from Catholic to
Protestant had began in Europe from 1517. Henry
VIII of England adopted Protestantism in
St Mary's College has the Bell Pettigrew
1559 - the Reformation to prevent Catholic
preaching spread throughout Scotland with a
Protestant mob destroying the interior of St
Andrews Cathedral that year.
1561 - St Andrews Cathedral was abandoned
with much of its Stonework taken for Buildings
in the Town. Some other Cathedrals in Scotland
were converted to Protestant Churches.
1754 - the Royal and Ancient Club was
founded at St Andrews to Govern Golf and the
1800s - St Andrews becomes a popular Holiday
Destination, especially with Golfers.
1873 - the Old Course at St Andrews held its
Championship. The first 12 Opens were held
at Prestwick Golf
Club in Ayrshire that had been established
in 1851. St Andrews has held the Open about 26
times now with Tiger Woods winning in 2000 and
1892 - the first Women Students were
accepted at St Andrews University.
1990 - the British Golf Museum is opened at
St Andrews next to the Old Course.
1991 - St Andrews Museum is opened in
2001 - Prince William enrolled at St Andrews
2003 - Prince William began dating Kate
Middleton at the University.
2005 - Prince William Graduated at St
Andrews University, marrying Kate in 2011.
2008 - the Museum of the University
of St Andrews MUSA opens with a display of
the University Ancient Relics.
2021 - the British Golf Museum was renamed
the World Golf Museum.
Today - St Andrews has about 7,000 Students
each year and a large Teaching Staff that make
up about half the Towns population of
There are vast numbers of Golfers visiting
the Town, they play about 230,000 rounds each
year on the 7 courses at St Andrews, with
45,000 rounds being on the Old Course.
Tourism for the Historic Buildings and
History adds many more visitors.
Many overseas visitors to Scotland, book
Tours that visit St Andrews.