1100s - David I funds the building St Giles
Church on the Royal Mile between the Castle and
At this time, Christian Catholicism,
centered on the Pope in Rome, is the main
religion in Scotland, England, Wales, and
1385 - English troops of King Richard II
attacked Edinburgh and set fire to St Giles.
The Church was Repaired and Enlarged soon
1466 - St Giles is raised to a Collegiate
1490 - the notable Lantern Tower was
1500s - many Countries throughout Europe
begin pushing to have the Christian Catholic
Religion, centered on the Pope in Rome,
replaced by Christian Protestantism, with the
head of these Churches being the Countries
1534 - King Henry VIII of England becomes
Supreme Head of the Church of England under
1560 - John Knox is credited with being the
founder of the Church of Scotland under
Presbyterian Protestantism, with the Head of
these Churches being Scottish Elders.
The Catholic Religion becomes Illegal in
Scotland and England at that time.
1581 - St Giles interior is divided into
sections as Protestantism begins to Split into
1603 - King James VI Stuart of Scotland
becomes King of England as well, uniting the
The Stuart Kings lived in England from that
time and wanted more control over the Scottish
Churches, which in turn would give more control
over the Scottish People.
1634 - King Charles I Coronation in Scotland
led to William Forbes being consecrated in St
Giles as the first Bishop of Edinburgh. St
Giles then has the Status of a Cathedral.
1638 - Scottish Law Makers deposed all
Bishops in Scotland, leading to Scots Churches
being run as Presbyterian Church of Scotland.
St Giles lost its status of a Cathedral as it
was then run by Elders, upsetting the
1639 - Scotland Deposing the Bishops led to
the Bishops Wars,
Covenanters Wars, Wars of the Three Nations,
and English Civil War.
1661 - the end of the English Civil war lead
to Charles II being restored as King. His
strong stance on Religion lead to St Giles
again becoming a Cathedral with a Bishop.
1688 - William of Orange overthrows King
James II of England /James VII of Scotland,
leading to the Scots demanding a free Scottish
1689 - The Parliament of Scotland abolishes
Bishops, leading to St Giles once again
becoming a Presbyterian Church of Scotland run
by Elders. St Giles lost its status as a
1707 - the Merger of Scotland and England
into Great Britain, led to some Scots building
Episcopal Protestant Churches run by a Bishop.
These Churches are run similar to Church of
England Churches and Cathedrals.
1791 - The Roman Catholic Relief Act allowed
Roman Catholic Churches and Cathedrals to be
1814 - St Mary's Catholic
Cathedral was completed on York Place in
Edinburgh to serve as the top Catholic Church
1897 - St Mary's Episcopal Protestant
Cathedral was completed on Palmerston Place in
Edinburgh to serve as the top Episcopal Church
1911 - a small ornate Chapel for the Knights
of the Thistle was added to St Giles.
1992 - a large Organ with 4,000 pipes was
installed in St Giles.
See also Scotland Cathedrals for more