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Scotland Map

An Interactive Click On Map of Scotland showing Attractions, Tourist Cities, Towns, Airports and Castles.

You can also use the Castles Page to view large images, more links, and reviews for each Castle.

The Map of Scotland below, allows you to click on the Centre of the Aircraft or Islands for quick links to that Airport or Island page. Click on the Names with Red Dots for quick links to that City or Town, and Names with Yellow Squares for links to the Castles. This Scotland Map only displays the top Towns and Cities known for tourism.


Scotland_Map_showing_Cities_and_Towns.jpg Kirkwall Airport Wick Airport Stornoway Airport Benbecula Airport Barra Airport Tiree Airport website Islay Airport Campbeltown Airport Prestwick Airport Glasgow Airport Edinburgh Airport web page Aberdeen Airport Inverness Airport Orkney Islands websites Isle of Lewis websites Isle of Harris North Uist websites Barra websites Skye Isle of Rhum websites Isle of Canna websites Isle of Eigg websites Isle of Coll websites Isle of Tiree websites Isle of Mull Fingals Cave Isle of Colonsay Isle of Jura websites Isle of Islay websites Arran Isle of Cumbrae Giants Causeway Aisla Craig websites Thurso Scotland John O Groats Ullapool page Wick Dornoch Elgin Frazerburgh Peterhead Inverness Scotland Aberdeen Aviemore Scotland Fort William Mallaig Montrose Arbroath Carnoustie Oban Scotland Callander Stirling and Castle Dundee Scotland Perth Scotland St Andrews page Gleneagles Edinburgh and Castle website North Berwick Glasgow Scotland Berwick upon Tweed Peebles Kelso Moffat Largs Troon Prestwick Ayr Turnberry Girvan Campbeltown Stranraer Dumfries websites Cairnryan Portpatrick Gretna Carlisle England Newcastle England Belfast Northern Ireland Larne Northern Ireland Bushmills Northern Ireland Melrose Dundee Airport website Londonderry Wiki Page Luskentyre Beach page Sandwood Bay St Kilda Island for day trips Durness page Lochinver page Suilven Castle of Mey website Dunrobin Eillean Donan Urquhart Castle web page Balmoral Dunnottar Blair Castle website Glamis Castle web Scone Palace website Falkland Palace Dumbarton Castle web page Linlithgow Palace website Rothesay Castle web page Dean Castle web page Dundonald Castle web page Culzean Castle web page Drumlanrig Castle website Floors Castle website Stac Pollaidh Ben Hope Mountain most northerly Munro Glenfinnan Stonehaven Braemar web Clearances Torridon Page

For larger maps of Scotland Areas with towns, mountains and other activities, view:

Borders Central Scotland Edinburgh & Fife Highlands North Highlands Southwest

Scotland Top Attractions:

Top Attractions Abbeys Castles Cathedrals Mansions Whisky Distillers
Highland Games Boat Trips Ferries Top Golf Courses River Fishing Sea Fishing
Diving Trains Buses Hotels B&Bs Holiday Parks Holiday Lodges
Touring Camping Parks   Airports RS Home

The most popular Tourist Cities are:

Edinburgh Glasgow Stirling Perth Dunfermline Dundee Inverness Aberdeen

Popular Tourist Towns are:

Oban Fort William Aviemore Fort Augustus St Andrews Callander
Inveraray South Queensferry Gretna Green Dumfries Ayr Largs

The most popular Tourist Islands are:

Arran Mull Skye Lewis Harris Orkney Shetland Islands

All Islands There are many more smaller Island to visit.

Hotels There are a wide range of Hotels throughout scotland from 5 Star to more basic. There are a number of extremely interesting Country Hotels in scenic locations, many used to be mansions, castles or hunting lodges.

Self Catering There are hundreds of Self Catering buildings for holiday lets throughout Scotland. These range from Cottages to Castles.

Holiday Lodge Parks There are a number of Holiday Lodge Parks with log cabins/lodges throughout Scotland. These are becoming very popular as some are as large as a house. They are normally situated in quiet country estates.

Holiday Caravan Parks are extremely popular with families with young children. They are less expensive than log cabins/lodges and normally have more facilities for children, some have extensive entertainment for adults.

Camping and Touring Parks are a popular way to see around Scotland, especially the more remote areas.

Boat Trips are popular throughout Scotland such as to the Islands, Lochs and to Fingals Cave, the Scottish part of the Giants Causeway in Ireland. You can even take a boat trip on Loch Ness with sonar to try and find the Loch Ness Monster.

River Fishing for salmon and trout is popular from the southeast of Scotland to the northeast, many beats are on large country estates.

Sea Fishing is popular all around Scotland for Haddock, Turbot, Cod, Mackerel, Pollack, Bass and Ling as well as a few more elusive species.

Golf in Scotland is second to none with many of the best known Links courses in the world such as St Andrews, Turnberry, Carnoustie & Royal Troon just to name a few. The largest cities Edinburgh and Glasgow are surrounded by golf courses as well, all welcome visitors, the choice is amazing.

Highland Games attract vast numbers of tourists and competitors from around the world. Many of the games are spread throughout the summer so you can normally find one on the date of your visit.

Mountain and Hill Climbing is extremely popular in Scotland, from southern Scotland to the far north, with mountains up to over 4,000 feet, a nice height to get up and back down in the same day.

Whisky Distillers There are a number of Distillers throughout Scotland that can be visited. These normally have a shop, allow a tour of the distillery and a sample of the whisky.

Abbeys * Castles * Mansions and Cathedrals are some of the most impressive buildings in Scotland. Edinburgh Castle and Stirling Castle are huge fortresses used by Scottish Kings. Many of the other smaller castles were built for the head of a Clan. If visiting Stirling Castle, you have to visit the Wallace monument a few miles east and climb to the top, the views are stunning.

Below is a list of events through history that led to the Scotland seen today.

Early people in remote areas of Scotland lived on small plots of land known as Croft's, growing Oats, Potatoes and Kale, their main food with fish or meat added whenever possible by hunting or rearing.

Weaving of Linen and Wool for cloth and tartan clothing was done in the homes on small manual powered machines. Linen was produced from the Flax plant.

Shoes or Boots were made of Leather with names such as Cuaran, Bog Shoe, Gillie, Heather Hoppers and Pampootie. Keeping your feet dry in Scotland is still a challenge today, with Wellington's and Walking Boots with Yeti Gaiters probably the best ways.

Horses were used on farms to cultivate and move crops, with the horses bred over the centuries to be large powerful animals, with the Clydesdale being bred in the 1700s, most famous Scottish horses to this day.

AD 70, the Romans tried to take over Scotland, building roads and forts around the country, also the Antonine Wall across central Scotland between Glasgow, Falkirk and Edinburgh.

210, the Romans pulled out of Scotland with Hadrian's Wall built along the south of Scotland to keep the Scottish tribes out of England.

858 Kenneth I (MacAlpin) died, king of the Picts, regarded as the first king of Scots. Kenneth I founded the Alpin dynasty that ruled much of Scotland for most of the medieval period, gradually turning this land of warring tribes into an organized civilization.

Many of the early Scotland Kings are buried at Iona Abbey, with Iona Abbey founded by St Columba and his Irish followers in AD 563, on the Isle of Iona, just off the west coast of Scotland. These kings include Kenneth I and Macbeth.

1018, King Malcolm II of Scotland won the Battle of Carham (Northern England) against the Northern English. This led to the Kingdom of Scotland’s border with England being drawn to almost what it is today.

1058, King Malcolm III (Canmore) is king of Scotland and marries Margaret of Wessex, later Saint Margaret. They make Dunfermline their capital and begin the building of Dunfermline Abbey. Their descendants build Edinburgh Castle, Stirling Castle and most of the huge Abbeys from where they began to take control of all Scotland.

1100s, Coal Mining began in Scotland, normally shallow mines, although a few were said to have been fairly deep, over 200 feet.

1263 1st October, King Alexander III (Canmore) of Scotland defeated the Norwegian King Haakon at the Battle of Largs. The Vikings had been plundering the Western Isles and west coast of Scotland for over 400 years. The Battle of Largs led to the Vikings being pushed out of Scotland, western isles, and northern isles over the following years.

1286, the death of King Alexander III, and that of his only heir, the four year old Princess Margaret (Maid of Norway) four years later, led to the powerfully English King Edward I (Longshanks) sending his forces into Scotland to gain control for himself. This was the end of the Canmore kings.

1292, John Balliol was chosen by the Scottish Nobles to be their King. Balliol then tried unsuccessfully to drive the English out of Scotland. Edward captured and imprisoned Balliol in the Tower of London. Balliol's release in 1299 saw him moved to France, where he lived on his estate there until he died.

1297 11th September, William Wallace lead about 15,000 Scottish rebels against an English army, about 50,000 strong, that were on route to Stirling Castle. Wallace’s victory at Stirling Bridge saw him rewarded with the title Guardian of Scotland.

1298, William Wallace’s army was defeated by a huge English army led by Edward I at Falkirk. Wallace escaped Falkirk, but was captured in Glasgow 5th August 1305, and executed in London 23rd August 1305.

1314 June 23rd, the Scottish army of Robert the Bruce engaged an English army led by King Edward II (son of Edward 1 who died in July 1307). This battle was at Bannockburn, close to Stirling Castle. Bruce’s victory in this three day battle, led to the English fleeing towards their remaining strongholds in Scotland or back across the border. The Scotland / England war continued for a further 14 years, until the treaty of Edinburgh was signed on the 17th March 1328. Bruce then became king of an independent Scotland. Bruce died at Cardross, probably from leprosy on the 7th June 1329, he was buried at Dunfermline Abbey.

1359, Cattle Droving began in Scotland, with about 300 cattle gathered at a time in north Scotland to be taken to markets in central and southern Scotland, the start of the Wild West in Scotland as Cattle Rustling was common in those days. Rob Roy MacGregor was the most famous drover, later rustler, in the early 1700s. Highland Cattle in those days were normally black, not the red seen today. Cattle Droving in the US began in the 1830s.

1371, Bruce’s son David II died without leaving an heir, leading to the crowning of Robert the Bruce’s grandson Robert II (Stewart) this starting the house of Stuart, that would soon rule Scotland and England.

1488, the disliked King James III (Stuart) is killed at the battle of Sauchieburn by the army of his son James, who became King James IV of Scotland.

1500s, Public Hangings were common in Market Places, with the last hanging in a prison in 1963. The Maiden Guillotine was used to behead over 150 High Profile criminals in Edinburgh. Swords were used for beheadings before this time.

1513 9th September, the Battle of Flodden Moor, in Northuberland England, took place between the armies of James IV (Stuart) of Scotland, and King Henry VIII (Tudor) of England. Henry provoked the Scottish attack by capturing Scottish ships traveling between Scotland and France. Scotland’s losses in the battle included the king himself, and many nobles.

1530s, King Henry VIII of England (Tudor) encourages England to adopt Protestantism. The German monk Martin Luther, was stating the Christian Catholic religion, built around the Pope in Rome, should be changed. Luther’s preaching’s split the Christian religion into Catholic and Protestant. The Protestant religion was adopted by Henry so English churches would then send money to him instead of the Pope. Also, Protestants could get divorced, and clerics could marry. Many thousands of British died, or had to emigrate over the following two century’s, fighting over religion.

1542, King James V (Stuart) of Scotland, died only one week after the birth of his only child Mary. The death of James V, saw Henry VIII of England send troops into Scotland to pressure the Scots into having Mary mary his son Edward. Mary was taken to France for her safety in 1548. She later married a French prince and became Queen of France. Following the death of her husband, and the death of her mother soon after in 1560, Mary returned to Scotland to take on the title Mary Queen of Scots. At this time, Scotland and England were constantly fighting over the Catholic and Protestant religions. Catholics from Scotland, England and France, claimed Queen Elizabeth I (Tudor) of England since 1558, a protestant, should be replaced by Mary, who was a catholic with claims to the English throne, as she was Margaret Tudor's granddaughter. There were a number of battles at that time, that only ended after Mary was captured and imprisoned by Elizabeth’s forces in 1568. Mary was held captive until she was executed by beheading in 1587. The death of Queen Elizabeth in 1603 without leaving an heir, led to Mary Queen of Scots son James VI of Scotland, declared King of England and Scotland.

1560, the Scottish Parliament passed an Act, abolishing the Roman Catholic Church in Scotland, this led to most of the Cathedrals and Abbey's in Scotland being destroyed. Much of their stonework was then used for the construction of other buildings.

1563, the Witchcraft Act was passed leading to over 4,000 people in Scotland being prosecuted, most being women, with around 1,500 burned alive. Most people accused of Witchcraft were just normal people, with neighbour's who disliked them, so a good way to get rid of a neighbour, accuse them of being involved in Witchcraft. Janet Horne from Dornoch in the far northeast of Scotland was the last person to be executed in 1727, covered in Tar then Burned Alive.

1610, the first Stagecoaches began running in Scotland, soon taking Passengers and Mail. Remote areas Mail was delivered by Horse Riders. This being 250 years before the first Pony Express in the US in 1860.

1642, Charles I (Stuart) of England & Scotland, is so unpopular, England ends up in a Civil War. Forcing a new prayer book on the Scots, and having little regard for the English Parliament, led to the war. The parliamentarians (Roundheads) led by Oliver Cromwell, finally defeated the Monarchy (Cavaliers) in 1649, Charles was sentenced to death and beheaded soon after. This allowed Cromwell to rule England & Scotland as Lord Protector until he died in 1658. The death of Cromwell’s son in 1659, led to the Stuart’s returning to the throne.

1707, Queen Anne (Stuart) manages to set up the Union of the parliaments of Scotland and England. The parliaments then become the Parliament of Great Britain. Scotland merchants were then free to trade with America and the West Indies, that had been mainly controlled by England until that time. Sugar, tobacco and slavery made many Scottish merchants rich, leading to Scotland's towns and cities growing dramatically from that time, with impressive Georgian and Victorian buildings being built all over Scotland from the mid 1700s till the early 1900s. Much of the historic architecture found in Scotland's towns and cities today, was built during this time.

1714, the death of Queen Anne (Stuart) a Protestant, without leaving an heir, lead to George I (Hanover) becoming king of Great Britain. This was requested by Queen Anne to prevent her exiled Catholic brother in France, James the old Pretender, from becoming King. Britain was mainly Protestant at the time and their long running enemy France Catholic, so the British wanted to prevent a Catholic King that could sell out to France. George was the Protestant son of the Electress Sophia of Hanover /Germany, a granddaughter of King James I of England. As George was a German, the Stuart’s disputed his right to be King.

1715, the sixth Earl of Mar (John Erskin) raised an army for James Francis Stuart (the Old Pretender) and joined up with English forces that also wanted King George I overthrown. That uprising was defeated by Hanoverian supporters, and became known as the first Jacobite Rising.

1720s, Military Roads were built throughout Scotland connecting Government Forts to try and keep Scotland under control, these roads being made of flat stones, slow to move Carriages over. These roads were also used by locals to travel around, many still used today with tar on top.

1746 April 16th, the Battle of Culloden Moor by Inverness, ended in under one hour with the defeat of the Jacobite's. Bonnie Prince Charlie survived the battle only to flee to France. This was the last major battle fought on the British Isles.

1762, The Highland Clearances start, as Chiefs and land owners begin forcing Crofters off their land so they can make way for large sheep farms, also to reduce the population, less chance of more Jacobite risings. Many Crofters relocated to coastal areas for Fishing, or into large Towns and Cities in search of work. Many Crofters were forced to emigrated to America and Canada, where they were encouraged to move into new territory, where they would have to face hostile native Americans.

1760s, the first Canals were built around Scotland with heavy horses pulling the barges full of coal, food and other goods.

1700s mid, water powered Weaving Mills were being build around Scotland to weave Wool, Linen and Cotton on a large scale. This was one of the largest industries in Scotland until most began closing down in the 1950s due to textiles being made less expensive in places such as India.

1700s mid, the Industrial Revolution led to large Coal Mines all over Scotland with some over 1,000ft deep, this powering Steam Engines, also used to smelt Iron around Scotland, with Metal Foundries also a large industry. Less expensive imports lead to the end of the Coal Mines and Foundries from the 1990s.

1800s early, first Macadam Roads were built from different sizes of broken stone to give a fairly even road, making road travel a lot faster.

1812, Henry Bell built the first comercial Steamboat to take guests from Glasgow to his Hotel in Helensburgh, this leading to Powered Ferries running across vast Rivers and to the many Islands, with the first Roll On Roll Off Car Ferry entering sevice in 1850 across the Firth of Forth by Edinburgh.

1831, the first Train services begin in Scotland, leading to the end of the Stagecoaches. The Fishing of Hearing around Scotland became a giant industry from that time with the Railways transporting the fish around the UK and Europe.

1842, Queen Victoria began visiting Scotland giving great reviews, leading to mass tourism, with large Hotels built around scenic areas such as the Trossachs and Highlands from that time.

1895, the first Cars began running in Scotland.

1902, the first Tar Covered Roads were built in Scotland.

1900s early, the Railways begin building golf resorts around scotland such as Turnberry and Gleneagles leading to mass golf tourism.

1900s early, shipbuilding became a top industry in Scotland, seeing some of the largest Liners and Warships built by Glasgow on the River Clyde such as the Queen Mary, Elizabeth and QE2.

1912, Diesel engines began powering Boats, Trucks, Farm Tractors, Barges and more, leading to the end of Steam Engines and Heavy Horses, although some Steam Trains operated until the 1980s.

1837-1901, Queen Victoria (Hanover) ruled Britain with her children marrying throughout Europe. Her marriage to Prince Albert (son of Ernest Duke of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha, Germany) produced 9 children and 40 grandchildren. Victoria Adelaide, their first child, married the German Emperor Frederick III, with their son becoming Kaiser Wilhelm II of World War I era. Edward II, their second child, ruled Britain under his fathers title Saxe-Coburg & Gotha, with his son becoming George V of Britain of the World War I era. Princess Alice, their third child, married the German Louis IV of Hesse, Grand Duke, with their daughter Princess Alexandria marrying Csar Nicholas II of Russia of World War I era.

1917, during World War One, King George V of Britain takes on the name House of Windsor for the British royalty, in an attempt to distance them from their German relations. As the war came to an end, George’s cousin Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, abdicated and move to Holland. Czar Nicholas II of Russia, George’s other cousin, was forced to abdicate in 1917 during the Bolshevik Revolution. The Czar, Princess Alexandria and their family, were shot by the Bolshevik’s on the 16th July 1918. The House of Windsor survived the war, remaining popular monarchs in Britain into the 21st century.

Three rulers of the most powerful countries that fought each other during World War One, Britain, Germany and Russia, were related through Queen Victoria. This must be the largest family feud in history, that led to the death of around 9 million people.

1930s, Dams were built around Scotland to produce Electricity for Homes, also for smelting Aluminium at places such as Fort William and Kinlochleven.

1960s, the first Motorways were built in Scotland, also the first large Road Trucks and Buses for long distances were being built, leading to the closure of many Rail Lines.

1990s, Wind Turbines are built all over Scotland, on Hills and in the Sea, with claims in 2016 there was more electricity produced by the turbines in Scotland than was used.

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